atrophy


atrophy
[[t]æ̱trəfi[/t]]
atrophies, atrophying, atrophied
1) VERB If a muscle or other part of the body atrophies, it decreases in size or strength, often as a result of an illness. [FORMAL]

Scott's muscle atrophied, his leg became stunted, and he was left lame...

[V-ed] Patients exercised their atrophied limbs in the swimming pool.

Syn:
wither shrivel
N-UNCOUNT
Atrophy is also a noun.

...exercises to avoid jelling and atrophy of cartilage.

2) VERB If something atrophies, its size, degree, or effectiveness decreases because it is not used or protected. [FORMAL]

If you allow your mind to stagnate, this particular talent will atrophy...

[V-ed] Many hoped he would renew the country's atrophied political system.

Syn:
N-UNCOUNT
Atrophy is also a noun.

...levels of consciousness which are nowadays usurped by television and in danger of atrophy.


English dictionary. 2008.

Synonyms:
(from want of nourishment), , , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • atrophy — [a′trə fē] n. [< LL atrophia < Gr, a wasting away < a , not + trephein, to feed: see TROPHIC] a wasting away, esp. of body tissue, an organ, etc., or the failure of an organ or part to grow or develop, as because of insufficient… …   English World dictionary

  • Atrophy — At ro*phy, n. [L. atrophia, Gr. ?; a priv. + ? to nourish: cf. F. atrophie.] A wasting away from lack of nourishment; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the body or of any part. Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Atrophy — At ro*phy, v. t. [p. p. {Atrophied}.] To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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